创建查询

通常情况下,Elasticsearch模块创建查询的机制与4.2节查询方法中描述的一样。通过下面的例子,我们来看看Elasticsearch模块会根据一个查询方法生成怎样的查询语句。

Example 37. Query creation from method names(通过方法名创建查询)

public interface BookRepository extends Repository<Book, String>
{
    List<Book> findByNameAndPrice(String name, Integer price);
}

根据上面的方法名会生成下面的Elasticsearch查询语句

{ "bool" :
    { "must" :
        [
            { "field" : {"name" : "?"} },
            { "field" : {"price" : "?"} }
        ]
    }
}

下面的表格列出了所有Elasticsearch支持的关键字。

Table 2. Supported keywords inside method names(方法名中支持的关键字)

关键字 例子 Elasticsearch查询语句
And findByNameAndPrice {"bool" : {"must" : [ {"field" : {"name" : "?"}}, {"field" : {"price" : "?"}} ]}}
Or findByNameOrPrice {"bool" : {"should" : [ {"field" : {"name" : "?"}}, {"field" : {"price" : "?"}} ]}}
Is findByName {"bool" : {"must" : {"field" : {"name" : "?"}}}}
Not findByNameNot {"bool" : {"must_not" : {"field" : {"name" : "?"}}}}
LessThanEqual findByPriceLessThan {"bool" : {"must" : {"range" : {"price" : {"from" : null,"to" : ?,"include_lower" : true,"include_upper" : true}}}}}
GreaterThanEqual findByPriceGreaterThan {"bool" : {"must" : {"range" : {"price" : {"from" : ?,"to" : null,"include_lower" : true,"include_upper" : true}}}}}
Before findByPriceBefore {"bool" : {"must" : {"range" : {"price" : {"from" : null,"to" : ?,"include_lower" : true,"include_upper" : true}}}}}
After findByPriceAfter {"bool" : {"must" : {"range" : {"price" : {"from" : ?,"to" : null,"include_lower" : true,"include_upper" : true}}}}}
Like findByNameLike {"bool" : {"must" : {"field" : {"name" : {"query" : "?*","analyze_wildcard" : true}}}}}
StartingWith findByNameStartingWith {"bool" : {"must" : {"field" : {"name" : {"query" : "?*","analyze_wildcard" : true}}}}}
EndingWith findByNameEndingWith {"bool" : {"must" : {"field" : {"name" : {"query" : "*?","analyze_wildcard" : true}}}}}
Contains/Containing findByNameContaining {"bool" : {"must" : {"field" : {"name" : {"query" : "?","analyze_wildcard" : true}}}}}
In findByNameIn(Collectionnames) {"bool" : {"must" : {"bool" : {"should" : [ {"field" : {"name" : "?"}}, {"field" : {"name" : "?"}} ]}}}}
NotIn findByNameNotIn(Collectionnames) {"bool" : {"must_not" : {"bool" : {"should" : {"field" : {"name" : "?"}}}}}}
Near findByStoreNear 暂不支持
True findByAvailableTrue {"bool" : {"must" : {"field" : {"available" : true}}}}
False findByAvailableFalse {"bool" : {"must" : {"field" : {"available" : false}}}}
OrderBy findByAvailableTrueOrderByNameDesc {"sort" : [{ "name" : {"order" : "desc"} }],"bool" : {"must" : {"field" : {"available" : true}}}}